|Dataset full name:||National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997|
The National Longitudinal Surveys (NLS) are a set of surveys sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and are designed to gather information over time regarding the labor market experiences of different cohorts. The NLSY97 (and its predecessor the NLTSY79) was designed to be nationally representative, and includes 8,984 transition aged youth (ages 12-16 as of Dec. 31, 1996) in the United States focusing on transition from school to work and adulthood. The NLSY97 contains extensive information on youths’ education such as high school transcripts, as well as data on their family, community backgrounds and eventual labor market participation. Data includes measures of knowledge and skills in multiple areas including reading and mathematics. It permits the examination of the influence of schooling and other environmental factors on labor market participation and career establishment as well as government program participation and family formation. As of 2014 the cohort are ages 29-31 and data collection is ongoing. There is also data available for the NLSY97’s predecessor: the NLSY79. It is similar to an ongoing study which follows a cohort of young adults who were ages 14-22 in 1979 (ages 49-57 in 2014). Note that the disability and health condition data is more limited early on in the 1979 study (for more information see: https://www.nlsinfo.org/content/cohorts/nlsy97/topical-guide ).
|Key Terms||Transition, Youth, Longitudinal, Employment|
|Sponsoring Agency/Entity||Department of Labor (DOL): Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)||Health conditions/Disability measures|
|Health condition(s)||Asthma, Cardiovascular/Heart condition, Anemia, Diabetes, Cancer, Epilepsy, HIV/AIDS, Depression scale|
|Disability Measures||Learning disability/attention disorder, Emotional/mental problem or behavior problem, Eating disorders, Mental retardation, Blindness in one eye, Blindness in both eyes, Other vision difficulty, Hearing difficulty, Deaf, Speech impairment, Missing: finger, hand, arm, toe, foot, or leg, Permanent stiffness or any deformity of the back, foot, or leg, Permanent stiffness or any deformity of the fingers, hand, or arm, Activity limitations||Measures/outcomes of interest|
|Topics||Transitional youth, Education, Schooling, Aptitude, Labor force, Employment, Onset||Sample|
|Sample Population||Transition aged youth (ages 14-16 in 1997)|
|Sample Size/Notes||8,984 transition aged youth (ages 12-16 as of Dec. 31, 1996)|
|Unit of Observation||Individual|
|Geographic Coverage||United States|
|Geographic specificity||National||Data Collection|
|Data Collection Mode||Survey, Interview, Assessments, Administrative records|
|Data Collection Frequency||Annual||Strengths and limitations|
|Strengths||Excellent documentation available. Extensive series of survey items regarding physical, genetic, mental, and emotional conditions in specific survey waves. Includes age disability/condition first noticed and extent condition limits activities. One in five youth identified with a disability (note: see limitations below)|
|Limitations||Very broad definition of severity used for some disability questions. Some mental/emotional condition questions limited due to focus on those resulting in participation restrictions (i.e. school, work activities). Sample attrition over time. Sample may be too small for feasible analysis/estimates of certain specific disability types.||Data details|
|Data Access Requirements||Public Use Dataset|
User Guide: http://www.bls.gov/nls/97guide/rd5/nls97ugall.pdf
|Other Papers||Event History Data: Lessons from the NLSY97 (2007):
Shandra C. Hogan, D. (2008) School-to-work program participation and the post-high school employment of young adults with disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, Volume 29, Number 2. pp 117-130.
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